When I started gardening, I initially thought that all plants need bright sunshine. And that is true. But how should I do when my garden is north oriented, surrounded by big trees and building… My garden get a maximum of 8 hours of full sun in the summer, just few minutes in winter… If you are wondering how I did it, here are some vegetables that grow in shade well anyway and make my happiness!
Leafy vegetables and herbs grow well in sunlight because food creation as well as storage happens there on their leaves. Root vegetables come next in terms of sunlight need. If you have a garden area that receives mild to partial shade, opt for the following plants.
One of the vegetables that grow in shade best is Bok choy. Also known as Chinese cabbage, this vegetable does not grow any cabbage heads, however it has a structure that consists of large leaves that appear open and are located on leaf stalks that are shaped like spoons. We say Bok choy is high in vitamins A and C and substances like glucosinolates that can fight against cancers. This vegetable is said to be one of the top nutritionally dense foods. You can easily grow this vegetable on the shade even in summer. It needs a minimum of 2 to 3 hours sunlight.
This Chinese vegetable is a cool weather vegetable that grows fast in spring and fall. Growing bok choy is done by planting seeds. Planting bok choy may be done by directly seeding the lawn soil or by growing flowers until the weather is right for transplanting them. Either way, when planting bok choy, germination happens within seven to ten days.
Growing bok choy is carried out well in cool weather. You can get two plants a year, in the spring and fall. If you’re planting bok choy indoors, you need to start it earlier than winter and then transplant your developing bok choy two weeks later. Because bok choy is a chilly climate vegetable, it can withstand cooler temperatures, so that you should constantly start them without delay. Although you’ll be planting bok choy early in the season, you may begin a second crop in late summer time to be prepared for fall. They only take 45-50 days to grow
An example of vegetables that grow in shade is onion. Onions need a lengthy growing period and much sunlight, but you can harvest them as baby onions, otherwise known as scallions. Scallions need partial sunlight or a shady area. You can plant seeds indoors and then bring them out to sunlight during early spring. Make sure to keep them watered well and harvest when the plants reach 6 inches tall. Scallions need a minimum of 3 hours sunlight exposure.
Scallions are created from cultivars of the bulbing onion and have a moderate taste. Are scallions the same as young onions? Yes, they may be typically called green onions; but, those plants are related to the shallot.
Growing scallions is clearly easier than growing onions considering that they have a much shorter growth period. Varieties sown in spring may be harvested after 60-80 days (8-10 weeks) after planting or while transplants are about a foot tall. Scallions want rich, properly-draining soil. In addition, their shallow root systems require regular moisture and weed protection. Tightly packed plantings and mulch can’t help keep moisture however will hold weeds down.
Chives do well in sunlight as well as in partial shade, despite the fact that you will see less vegetation in the clumps growing in shade. That’s not bad altogether because too many flowers and seedlings can result in too much chives in your garden. You can divide chives rather than plant seeds when you decide to grow them in the shade. Chives need a minimum of 3 hours sunlight exposure.
When growing chives, it’s good to plant them in complete sun, but plants may also grow in partial shade. Set out plants in early spring with plenty of compost or, placing them eight to twelve inches apart. For speedy growth, plant them in rich, well-drained soil. They need little care apart from watering till well-rooted. If you harvest often, fertilize every 3 or 4 weeks. Chives is one of the vegetables that grow in shade well.
Oregano can be grown as cuttings or divisions. They need to be grown in an area that needs just 3 to 4 hours of sunlight, in a container. Do not expect them to grow vigorously in the shade but these plants can trail on the ground and can spread in various directions. Growing oregano in the shade can keep them from lengthening or flowering too much. Oregano needs a minimum of 3 hours sunlight exposure.
Lettuce loves to grow in cool areas. Fairly shady conditions are good for retaining the crispiness and sweetness of delicate lettuce leaves. If you have the open leaf varieties, harvest the leaves in the lower part of the plant to lengthen the harvest. Plant the head-forming varieties once every two weeks for a steady supply. Lettuce needs enough water and cooler temperatures. They need a minimum of 3 to 4 hours sunlight exposure.
Spinach enjoys growing in the shade, especially in the afternoon. They are usually grown in spring and fall, because they don’t like summer heat. In partial shade, and with enough water to prevent it from wilting, a small patch can provide plenty of spinach. Remember to pick the leaves as they grow large to promote the development of new leaves from the middle of the tuft and to prevent the plant from bolting. Spinach needs a minimum of 3 to 4 hours of sunlight.
Kale is a vegetable that prefers cold temperatures, so you might want to plant them out early in spring and maintain harvesting them during winter. Heat makes the leaves hard and bitter, however that may be prevented from happening when they are within the shade for most of the time. Kale needs a minimum of 3 to 4 hours sunlight exposure.
This is our main vegetables that grow in shade. Nature offer a wider range of possibilities. Book a Garden Expert Advisor if you want to know more.
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