Prospects for Political Inclusion in Rojava and Iraqi Kurdistan", "Syria, Report by UN Commission of Inquiry (March 2017)", "Yekîneya Antî Teror a Rojavayê Kurdistanê hate avakirin", "Is the PKK worried by the YPG's growing popularity?  Most of Afrin Region was occupied by Turkish-led forces in early 2018, though the administrative division continued to operate from Tell Rifaat which is under joint YPG-Syrian Army control. Examples are the Nahawand Center for Developing Children's Talents in Amuda (est.  The area has also been nicknamed Federal Northern Syria, and the democratic confederalist autonomous areas of northern Syria. , On 13 October 2019, the SDF announced that it had reached an agreement with the Syrian Army which allowed the latter to enter the SDF-held cities of Manbij and Kobani in order to dissuade a Turkish attack on those cities as part of the cross-border offensive by Turkish and Turkish-backed Syrian rebels. In an attempt to outwardly distance the Syrian branch from the PKK, the Democratic Union Party (PYD) was established as de facto Syrian "successor" of the PKK in 2003.  Manbij remained under SDF control. , During the ongoing Syrian Civil War, organizations such as the Turkish government, Amnesty International and the Middle East Observer have stated that SDF was forcibly displacing inhabitants of captured areas with predominantly Arab population such as Tell Abyad. Article 7 of the Constitution of the de facto autonomous region states: All cities, towns and villages in Syria which accede to this Charter may form Cantons falling within Autonomous Regions.. , In 2002, the PKK and allied groups organized the Kurdistan Communities Union (KCK) to implement Öcalan's ideas in various Middle Eastern countries.
Rojava, a fragmented territory. Syrian Kurds have documented fighters attached to Turkish proxy units who are veterans of the Islamic State.  While many of the Kurds in Syria have been there for centuries, waves of Kurds fled their homes in Turkey and settled in Syrian Al-Jazira Province, where they were granted citizenship by the French Mandate authorities. , Under the French Mandate of Syria, newly arriving Kurds were granted citizenship by French Mandate authorities and enjoyed considerable rights as the French Mandate authority encouraged minority autonomy as part of a divide and rule strategy and recruited heavily from the Kurds and other minority groups, such as Alawite and Druze, for its local armed forces. Throughout the Cold War and for a decade after, Turkey was perhaps America’s top partner in the region. , Qamishli initially served as the de facto capital of the administration, but the area's governing body later relocated to Ayn Issa. There are also adherents to other religions, such as Yazidism.  The announcement was widely denounced by both moderate as well as Islamist factions of the Syrian opposition. Price controls are managed by local committees, which can set the price of basic goods such as food and medical goods. For those seeking normal relations with Turkey, it may appear comforting to believe that Turkey’s disrespect for religious plurality is limited to the Erdoğan government alone.  Some Kurdish politicians won seats during the Syrian elections in 1990.
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