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Caesar joined the army, and left Rome. It was becoming a more popular idea that the Local 10 (white musicians union) and Local 208 (black musicians union) would merge. [14], After his praetorship, Caesar was appointed to govern Roman Spain, but he was still in considerable debt and needed to pay his creditors. Pompey filled the city with soldiers, and the triumvirate's opponents were frightened. ", Slim Gaillard's 1951 song "Federation Blues" (which is entirely about the musician's union) begins: "You may play an instrument and think that you're a killer / But you still ain't get nowhere till you see J.C. On another occasion Rochester is asked to blow the car horn by putting it in his mouth, and he replies "Petrillo won't let me! [13] In 63 BC he ran for election to the post of Pontifex Maximus, as high priest of the Roman state religion. When Jack Benny asks how Petrillo could do this, Harris replies "Why not? Caesar and Cleopatra never married; Roman Law only recognized marriages between two Roman citizens. Winning the war, Caesar became Roman dictator for life. On the way across the Aegean Sea,[4] Caesar was kidnapped by pirates and held prisoner. [20], In Rome, Caesar was appointed Dictator,[21] with Mark Antony as his Master of the Horse (second in command). The legends say that for nearly a decade, he raided shipping from the Florida Keys and later served as one of Captain Blackbeard's, … According to Plutarch, after the assassination, Brutus stepped forward as if to say something to his fellow senators; they, however, fled the building. Apparently simple and direct in style—to the point that Caesar's Commentarii are commonly studied by first and second year Latin students—they are in fact quite sophisticated, aimed at the middle-brow readership of minor aristocrats in Rome, Italy, and the provinces. [6][7]p39 After the ransom was paid, Caesar raised a fleet, pursued and captured the pirates, and imprisoned them. The plotters expected this, and arranged for someone to intercept him.[26]. They had been at odds for years, but Caesar tried to reconcile them. The Dictator's mistake: Caesar's escape from Sulla. Later rulers of Rome called themselves “Caesar” and this title was later copied as “Kaiser” and “Tsar”. [31] Based on remarks by Plutarch,[33] Caesar is sometimes thought to have suffered from epilepsy. James Caesar Petrillo (March 16, 1892 – October 23, 1984) was the leader of the American Federation of Musicians, a trade union of professional musicians in the United States and Canada. One example, which has lasted, was his reform of the calendar into the present format, with a leap day every four years. Caesar decided to head for Spain, while leaving Italy under the control of Mark Antony. Gaul is the area which is today's Northern Italy, Switzerland, and France. In Spain he conquered two local tribes, was hailed as imperator by his troops, and completed his governorship in high esteem. He then decisively defeated Pompey, at the Battle of Pharsalus later that year. It was also to extend Rome's control of Gaul. Jim Caesar is an actor and musician who has been involved in the creative arts from a young age. CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, Down Beat magazine article on the AFM strike and recording ban, James Petrillo inducted into Illinois Labor History Society Union Hall of Honor-2009 {dead link}, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=James_Petrillo&oldid=983103898, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 October 2020, at 07:52. Caesar won comfortably, despite his opponents' greater experience and standing. Black Caesar (died 1718) was a legendary 18th-century African pirate. His 'official' birthday was on the 12th. In 50 BC, the Senate, led by Pompey, ordered Caesar to disband his army and return to Rome because his term as governor had finished. He was elected quaestor for 69 BC. This book, written in Latin, is an important historical account. From then on, lack of money was one of the main problems in his life. Jim Caesar is an actor, known for The Witcher (2019), We Die Young (2019) and Grantchester (2014). In 2018 he was part of The Pappy Show’s ‘Boys’ which won the Vault Festival’s ‘Outstanding New Work’ award. He was 92. ", "Spot Where Julius Caesar Was Stabbed Discovered", "VIRGIL, GEORGICS BOOKS 1–2 – Theoi Classical Texts Library", http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/Appian/Civil_Wars/2*.html, Historia: Zeitschrift für Alte Geschichte, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Assassination_of_Julius_Caesar&oldid=986793187, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles lacking reliable references from August 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2013, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Bucolianus, former Pompeian, brother of Caecilius, This page was last edited on 3 November 2020, at 01:25. Caesar's conquest of Gaul extended Rome's territory to the North Sea. He was then appointed dictator for ten years. [9] His wife Cornelia died that year. On his return to Rome, he was elected as military tribune, a first step in a political career. The song was published in 1941. Caesar continued his relationship with Cleopatra throughout his last marriage, which lasted 14 years – in Roman eyes, this did not constitute adultery – and may have fathered a son called Caesarion. This can cause seizures which are a bit like epilepsy. [11]p100 On his return in 67 BC,[12] he married Pompeia (a granddaughter of Sulla), whom he later divorced. Julius Caesar, the Roman dictator, was assassinated by a group of senators on the Ides of March (15 March) of 44 BC during a meeting of the Senate at the Theatre of Pompey in Rome.The senators stabbed Caesar 23 times. Mark Antony, fearing the worst, went to head Caesar off. [29][30] In Shakespeare's Julius Caesar, this is the first half of the line: "Et tu, Brute? Though, in his youth, Petrillo played the trumpet, he finally made a career out of organizing musicians into the union starting in 1919. There is a similar reference in the Hope picture My Favorite Brunette. He turned to Marcus Licinius Crassus, one of Rome's richest men. In return for political support, Crassus paid some of Caesar's debts and acted as guarantor for others. The war was fought on the side of Rome's Gallic clients against the Germans, who wanted to invade Gaul. ", In the 1950 Warner Bros. animated short Hurdy-Gurdy Hare starring Bugs Bunny, the cartoon ends with Bugs making large amounts of money by having a (presumably non-union) monkey turn a street organ and an ape collecting the money from the apartment dwellers, during which he quips, "I sure hope Petrillo doesn't hear about this!" The balance of power was further upset by the death of Crassus in 53 BC. For the play by. It was the point beyond which no army was supposed to go. A crowd who had gathered there started a fire, which badly damaged the forum and the neighbouring buildings. A member of National Youth Theatre since 2011, Jim has devised a number of plays and physical theatre performances with a host of up and coming theatre companies. These achievements got him great military power, and threatened to eclipse Pompey. After election, he was a consul in 59 BC.[16]. Perhaps as a result of the pharaoh's role in Pompey's murder, Caesar sided with Cleopatra. [3], Petrillo joined the orchestra at WBBM in Chicago, Illinois, in 1937. He was killed by his enemies in Rome. In the ensuing chaos, Mark Antony, Octavian (later Augustus Caesar), and others fought a series of five civil wars, which would end in the formation of the Roman Empire. Julius Caesar was born in Italy around July 100 BC. The royal barge was accompanied by 400 additional ships, introducing Caesar to the luxurious lifestyle of the Egyptian pharaohs. Caesar then pursued Pompey to Egypt, where Pompey was soon murdered. He was stabbed 23 times. Pompey, the lawful Consul, and his friends, fled from Rome as Caesar's army approached. Again, according to Suetonius's chronology (, The phrase appears in Richard Eedes's Latin play. [34], Caesar had four documented episodes of what may have been complex partial seizures. [19] Caesar thought he would be prosecuted if he entered Rome without the immunity enjoyed by a magistrate. Pompey managed to escape before Caesar could capture him. [23] Caesar then became involved in an Egyptian civil war between the child pharaoh and his sister, wife, and co-regent queen, Cleopatra. For a decade, he had been assistant conductor and orchestra member at three Chicago theaters. There, in July 48 BC, at Dyrrhachium Caesar barely avoided a catastrophic defeat. Caesar and his army approached Rome and crossed the Rubicon, a shallow river in north-east Italy, in 49 BC. The round-faced, bespectacled Petrillo dominated the union with absolute authority. Gaius Julius Caesar (/ ˈ s iː z ər / SEE-zər, Latin: [ˈɡaːi.ʊs ˈjuːli.ʊs ˈkae̯.sar]; 12 July 100 BC – 15 March 44 BC) was a Roman general and statesman who played a critical role in the events that led to the demise of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire..

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