How to Start an Indoor Vegetable Garden: Basic Tips⎢UGR

How to Start an Indoor Vegetable Garden: Basic Tips

how to start an indoor vegetable garden

How to start an indoor vegetable garden? Read on!

Do you know that you can grow vegetables indoors? I have tried it and yes, it works! Soon, I was growing more produce from my own indoor garden than what other gardeners have in their backyard. If you want to know how to start an indoor vegetable garden, here are some tips for you!

Related: Indoor Garden Ideas That You Can Apply At Home

So, how to start an indoor vegetable garden? The major difference between outdoor and indoor garden is the amount of sunlight it receives. Starting seeds indoors and transplanting them to container garden will help the plants to grow effectively and yield high. This article explains how  to start an indoor vegetable garden and tips to start a vegetable garden at home.

How to Start an Indoor Vegetable Garden

Growing Medium for Seedlings

Do you want to know how to start an indoor vegetable garden? Know how to grow seedlings. Seedlings are highly fine in nature. To increase the chances of success, start growing them in sterile fresh seedling-starting mix. Make sure the mix is fluffy and light enough and can hold adequate moisture. If your moisture is too heavy, roots cannot push through heavy medium and disease can infect the seedlings in too wet or non-sterile medium.

Soil Mix

A good potting medium has to be able to give  the seedlings four of the five fundamental ingredients for health and growth, such as air, water, nutrients and support.

An excellent potting mix needs to have a good stability of both solid and porous particles to offer precise aeration and drainage but also may be capable of maintaining water and vitamins.


If the mix is just too porous it may not keep enough water or nutrients. If it is not porous enough it turns too heavy, maintains an excessive amount of water and gives inadequate aeration for proper root development. The roots turn out to be starved for oxygen, plant growth slows, frequently succumbing to root rot and dies.


There is a massive range of various types of potting mediums available. Many of them regularly share common components and vary in  the special amounts of the ingredients relying at the level of growth, type of plant, season and even the kind and length of box the potting mix is being used for.

Pot Sizes

As seedlings get older the pot sizes will increase therefore. The potting blend used will need to be heavier and able to retain vitamins. It need to additionally be dense enough to aid growing seedlings and be freed from pathogens and weeds.

The guiding principle for a potting blend is, the smaller the pot and the more young the seedling the lighter the aggregate.

Most vegetable seedlings are started out and grown in small seed cells and pots for a rather brief time and their needs are far less complex than different plants which are going to spend their complete life cycle in a pot or container.

For this cause the use of a fine potting mix for developing vegetable seedlings quickly is important.

Make Your Own Mix

There are plenty of reasons why many gardeners select to make their own homemade potting blend. With loads of recipes to be had there is plenty of scope for people who revel in experimenting to expand a recipe that works best for the type and length of plant life they may be developing.

Related: Starting a Garden in the City: 10 Things to Consider

Choosing the Container

If you want to learn more on how to start an indoor vegetable garden, you should choose your containers. Your containers should be sterile and can be able to hold the growing medium. Use the containers that are three to four inches across, because you will be transferring the seedlings to the containers later.

Make sure your containers are sterile and have drainage holes to drain the excess water. Place your container over a waterproof tray that will keep the excess water. You can opt for seed-starting kits which have containers, trays and lids.

Light Source

Wanting to know more how to start an indoor vegetable garden, consider your light source. Find the area which receives maximum sunlight, because seedlings require lot of light. If you cannot get enough sunlight, you can buy affordable T-12 or T-8 fluorescent lights. Keep the light three to four inches above them as they grow so that they will receive adequate light. Make sure that you don’t use incandescent light bulbs as they will produce lot of heat which may destroy the plants. Use a lamp timer to turn off your lights after 16-18 hours every day.


If you want to know additional tips on how to start an indoor vegetable garden, also consider heat. Seed-starting occurs in two stages namely germination and growing. The first step germination involves the sprouting where the embryo of the crop comes out of the seed. In this stage plants need heat not light. So place your containers in a slightly warmer area like over a refrigerator or a dryer.

Once the seeds germinate and grown up to one inches tall, you should place them in normal temperature at around 60 to 70 degrees.

Related: “It’s as simple as saying Hello.” Discover our step-by-step planner for building your garden from scratch!


If you want to know how to start an indoor vegetable garden, know the importance of water. Plants need enough water to grow, so sow the seeds in wet mix. Cover the containers with a plastic bag or lids to maintain the humidity. Once the seeds germinate and once sprouting happens remove the covers.

Make sure that excess water drains out and air circulates around the plants to preserve humidity. Avoid watering from the top which will lead to damping off – a fungal infection.

How Often Should I Check My Seeds?

Checking your plants daily will be the best way to start a successful garden. How to start an indoor vegetable garden? Look at the seedlings for germination and sprouting. Provide the light source and cover them to keep moisture. Once they sprout and grow up, you have to uncover them and later you have to make sure they have enough water.

Your seed packets will give you the instructions about the number of days they need for seed-starting. Once you reached those day limits, you can transfer the plants into your outdoor garden or into containers in your indoor area which receives sunlight.

If you want to know how to start an indoor vegetable garden, start now!


Featured image from @jt_design

About the Author


Mr Urban Gardeners Republic is the best gardener at UGR! He's crazy about Urban Gardening and can't stop talking about that. You can connect with him on Facebook, Pinterest or Twitter but the best way to see his amazing works, is to find him on Instagram.