I am a fan of fresh vegetables. Not only are they healthy for the body, they also feel crisp and taste good. That’s why I started a vegetable garden in my own urban backyard. Impossible? Not if you have a little space with soil and the right determination. I will now give you some tips on how to start a backyard garden in your urban dwelling.
The benefits of growing your own vegetables in your backyard are many. These include the lowering of costs associated with the purchase of healthy and organic vegetables. There is also reduction of environmental impact in the transport and storage of food. Growing your own food makes your meals more personalized and tasty. It also instills in your family an appreciation for the natural cycles of life and growth. It also serves as a wholesome activity for your family and will bring about long-lasting memories for your loved ones while gardening. There are more benefits with home gardening!
So, how do you start a backyard garden? Here are some tips.
A backyard garden must make a contribution to your family’s health without taking an excessive amount of your free time. You can accomplish that with good planning and with good commitment to low-maintenance natural approaches. These methods may save you time and create a healthy backyard garden in the long run.
You should measure your garden. The size of your backyard garden will depend on the available space in your area. A 100 square-feet-backyard garden can produce a lot of vegetables enough to feed the whole family.
Many crop layouts can work for a specific garden area. There may be greater variations in your harvest due to elements which are our control, including climate and pests, and the way plants are grown.
You can mix up plants to confuse pests. Large regions of a single crop may attract pests, while mixed planting can confuse them. Some plants require special protection, such as cabbages, broccoli and cauliflowers. These plants can be grown collectively to protect from caterpillars, using a tunnel of netting or horticultural fleece.
You should grow plants that attract good insects. There many well-known plants that attract useful insects, such as ladybugs, hoverflies and so forth. These plants can also control pests.
Consider shade and support. Tall plants can shade others, or they can be used to provide support to other plants. Climbing beans can shade sweet corn.
Before you start planting, you should create a garden plan. Use graphing paper to create a plan for your garden. Plot out each feature that you can find on your location. Use a measuring tape to get approximate measurements. You may want to identify some regions of sun and shade.
After you’ve finished drawing your backyard or garden plot, you my proceed to add other elements in your garden plan. Gather any pictures that you want, and prepare a list of your features, property, and boundaries. Study your present plan cautiously and determine which features are you going to need. Identify the ones you need to focus on, and the ones that you want to put off.
Use tracing paper and sketch your plan.
Your plants may need to face south. Theymay need 5 hours of direct sunlight every day. Find out where the shadows created from trees, tall objects or adjacent structures are. The area which receives maximum sunlight is good for growing plants.
Pay attention to how roots spread. Your backyard plot should be located at least 10 inches away from the drip line of any neighbouring trees. If you have to plant near trees, you may have to dig a barrier around your backyard garden. You can also do this by digging a narrow trench towards hard clay or by digging deeper than the roots. Use a sheet of galvanized metal roofing on the edge. You can also use anything that will not get penetrated by roots. Next, fill the trench with the barrier.
If you are planning on including fruit trees to your backyard garden, plan for them now, by envisioning a 20-inch root spread and the future shading effect of these trees.
If there is wind exposure , you may want to consider adding a beam or a fence to protect your backyard garden against the wind.
You should have extra space for the next season. Use this space to place some of your plants. When not in use, cover this space with manure to keep the soil dense. The soil will be a source of nutrients for your plants; it will also protect the bed from weeds
Successful gardening is a result of good soil. Once your beds are ready and once the soil is rich and suitable enough to be planted on, your gardening task is finished. To create a healthy and productive backyard garden, follow these suggestions so that you can plan for your plants accordingly.
featured image @amazinggardener
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